Between 2008 and 2013, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) received 1,300 reports of stroller and carriage injuries. These reports included 4 deaths. ASTM International* brings manufacturers and consumers together to develop standards. In 2013 ASTM updated the voluntary safety stroller and carriage standard. The new ASTM standard is ASTM F833-13b.
In March 2014, the CPSC approved a mandatory standard. The new federal standard incorporates by reference the ASTM voluntary standard. After September 10, 2015, nearly all strollers and carriages sold will have to meet the mandatory requirements.
The new standard governs full-size strollers that fold up. Also, it covers travel systems (including car seats), tandem, side-by-side, multi-occupant and jogging strollers. It adds to the ASTM standard requirements to prevent head entrapment and addresses the following hazards:
- Hinge issues that have resulted in pinched, cut, or amputated fingers or arms
- Broken and detached wheels
- Parking brake failures
- Locking mechanism problems
- Restraint issues, such as a child unbuckling the restraint and restraint breakage or detachment
- Structural integrity
Many early education programs transport older infants, toddlers and young preschool age children in strollers. For risk reduction and liability protection, the best practice is to purchase strollers that meet the new standard as soon as they are available.
*ASTM International was formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials and is commonly called ASTM.