Spring 2013 Health Link Online

HealthLink Online

Uniting Children, Parents, Caregivers, and Health Professionals


 Screen Time, Digital Media Literacy:  What’s an ECE Practitioner to Do?

Two expert policy statements make recommendations about the appropriate use of media by young children. One is a statement from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) in partnership with the Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning and Children’s Media (FRC). The other is from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

The rapid development of digital media has evolved ahead of available research about their effects on children. Increasingy, we see parents putting their cell phones in the hands of their infants and toddlers to distract them while the parent is busy with something. Children have access to i-pads, cell phones, digital cameras and computers. Scientists who study brain development have evidence that early exposure to screens changes the way the brain is "wired" in ways that may lead to problems learning and relating to others. Definitive research is growing about how these devices affect young children. For now, we must rely on the expert policy statements from NAEYC-FRC and AAP. 

 1. Apply cold with cloth between an ice or cold pack and the source of cold and the injury for up to 30 minutes at a time, then remove briefly to allow better circulation to the area before applying cold again.

2. Put pressure on a bruised or swollen area with a stretchy roll of bandage. Make it only tight enough to press on the swollen area, but not cut off blood flow to the injured area. Check the color of tissue below the site of injury to be sure it remains pink, and not pale or blue.

3. Elevate the injured part except when the injured part should not be moved because you suspect a broken bone or spinal injury. Elevation helps to reduce and prevent swelling.

Active supervision minimizes harm to children from injury and illness. It is an essential component of quality care. Requirements for active supervision appear in the Environmental Rating Scales, Caring For Our Children, third edition, and in the Head Start Performance Standards. Many states use the Environmental Rating Scales to measure quality in group care.1 Comparable items directly related to active supervision appear in the 4 rating scales: ITERS-R (infant-toddlers), ECERS-R, (Early Childhood) FCCERS-R (family child care) and SACCERS (school age child care). For better scores on items 29 and 30 of the ECERS-R, staff members must:

In February 2013, the USDA’s Team Nutrition released a new Provider Handbook. The USDA Team Nutrition website has the handbook available online.  You can use the great resources in the handbook online now. Hard copy print copies are available free of charge for online ordering in the summer of 2013. The handbook is for users of the Child and Adult Food Care Program (CACFP) and anyone else involved with a child care program.

Ample research shows that babies have the best chance for a healthy life when their mothers breastfeed them for a year or more. Early care and education providers can make a difference by sharing information and supporting a mother’s willingness to breastfeed. Supporting the needs of breastfeeding mothers in early care and education programs is easy.