Summer 2014 Health Link Online

HealthLink Online

Uniting Children, Parents, Caregivers, and Health Professionals

When children are in a hot environment, they can get heat-related illness. The most common problem is dehydration.

Young children have more body surface area per pound of body weight than older children and adults. They get hot more easily and lose water faster by sweating than older children and adults.

Overheating may make people very thirsty. Other signs of heat-related illness include feeling very tired, headaches, stomachaches, fever and breathing faster than usual.

Children can die when left in a vehicle. When the outside temperature is 80 degrees, the inside of a vehicle will reach nearly 110 degrees in 20 minutes. It will be hotter than 120 degrees in 60 minutes. These temperatures can kill children.

Make sure that vehicle cooling systems work well. Check every seat in the vehicle before leaving it. Be sure that no child is left behind.

PA regulations require that children have vaccines recommended by the ACIP.* The ACIP is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. The ACIP recommends that everyone older than 6 months of age receive influenza vaccine.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that child care programs prevent influenza with annual immunization for everyone older than 6 months of age, especially all teachers/caregivers.** ECELS urges programs to adopt policies and practices that require influenza immunization, hand hygiene, cough/sneeze etiquette, and minimizing crowding.



Summer is a time when many biting insects are most active. Mosquitoes, stinging insects and ticks are a problem. To minimize insect bites:

  • Avoid bright colored clothing.
  • Avoid any product that has an odor.
  • Avoid stagnant water.
  • Cover foods well.
  • Watch for places stinging insects seem to have nests. Stay far away from them or have a pest-control professional get rid of them.
  • Use insect repellent containing DEET to prevent insect-borne illnesses.

 In the United States, every day, about 10 people die from drowning. About one in five are children 14 years of age and younger. Five times more children survive near drowning. Children 1-4 years of age have the highest drowning rates. Drowning is second only to motor vehicle passenger and pedestrian accidents as the highest causes of unintentional injury-related death.