Early care and education staff members must check children's immunization records to be sure that the children are up-to-date and protected against vaccine-preventable diseases. This task requires looking at the record and understanding the abbreviations for the required vaccines. Vaccine products for children may contain single vaccines (protection against a single disease, e.g. Hepatitis b) or multiple vaccines (protection against multiple diseases, e.g. MMR for measles, mumps, rubella). These multiple vaccines are often called "combo or combination vaccines". Different vaccine manufacturers may produce either single or combo vaccines. Click here for the CDC website or put http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/vaccines-list.htm in your browser to view the names and components as well as learn more about vaccines in current use. Reviewed and reaffirmed 2/2019

Learn about vaccines and how they work, the science behind vaccines, immunity, and the diseases that vaccines prevent. Parents of children who suffered vaccine-preventable diseases tell their stories. Vaccine myths are debunked. You may watch the videos on line. Go to the website of the Vaccine Education Center of The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia at www.vaccine.chop.edu. Select the video you want to watch. Reviewed and reaffirmed 12/2012

“Vaccines and Your Baby” is a 28-minute video that explains the basics of vaccines. You’ll learn about vaccines and how they work, the science behind vaccines, immunity, and the 11 diseases that vaccines prevent. Parents of children who suffered vaccine-preventable diseases tell their stories. You may watch the video on line. Go to www.vaccine.chop.edu. To watch the video, just click on any section you wish to view. To watch the video from beginning to end, click on the first section and follow the prompts to each section that follows. If you prefer, you can download the entire video to your computer link on the webpage of the Vaccine Information Center. 

Water play offers wonderful developmental learning opportunities.  However, early educators must control the risks of drowning and spread of infection from contaminated water. It takes less than 30 seconds for a young child to begin to drown. More than 250 children less than 5 years of age drown each year. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that most children age 4 and older should learn to swim. Children between 1 and 4 years of age may benefit from formal swimming lessons. However, nobody should rely on a child’s swimming skills to become less vigilant about supervising a child in the water.  To learn more about how to reduce the risk of drowning, go to the websites of the Consumer Product Safety Commission at www.cpsc.gov and the AAP at www.aap.org. Search for “drowning” on both sites. Preventing bad germs from spreading through contact with water requires vigilance too. Early care and education providers must pay attention to controlling both of these risks. 

ECELS offers many live and recorded webinars available to use for PA Key and Act 48 credit. The recordings are on the ECELS website a week or so after the live webinar. “Managing Challenging Behaviors” was the first ECELS webinar for 2016. It was presented live on 1/14/2016.

Pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough, is on the rise.  Whooping cough can kill infants who are too young to have received all of their pertussis vaccine doses. Infants and young children routinely receive a vaccine called DTaP. The letters stand for diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis.