This workshop teaches early learning practitioners how to recognize and manage occupational health risks, drawing on the content in Caring for Our Children: the National Health and Safety Performance Standards. Addresses management of stress, infectious disease risks and musculo-skeletal (ergonomic) challenges intrinsic to providing child care. Includes assessment of personal and work-site health promotion strategies.

The CDC is a comprehensive source of information on public health issues, including immunization, sanitation, and infectious disease. The CDC provides a large library of information to the public on many topics. Some of the categories include: Diseases and Conditions; Emergency Preparedness & Response; Environmental Health; Life Stages & Populations; Healthy Living, Injury, Violence & Safety; Traveler's Health; Workplace Safety & Health. The CDC website includes a powerful search engine as well as alphabetical listings. Users will find fact sheets, videos, photos, posters, and other useful materials to download.

Learn how to protect children in your early care and education (ECE) program from abuse and neglect. This module addresses how to prevent, identify and report child abuse and neglect. It describes your responsibilities as a mandated reporter as required by the Child Protective Services Law (CPSL). By using the recommended practices, you will help ensure the safety of children in your care.

To complete this module, view the online videos here and explore the links at the end of each topic. If you are using Google Chrome, be sure the Flash Video function is enabled.  Use the resources in the document packet, and complete the Assessment and Reporting Scenarios Packet. You may either download the Assessment and Reporting Scenarios Packet or complete it online at Follow the instructions in the “Friendly Reminders Box” when you submit your work for ECELS for review for professional development credit.
Document Packet

This module is approved for Act 31 credit.

This module addresses the following Core Knowledge Competencies:
• K7.10 C1 Identify the signs and symptoms of child abuse and neglect.
• K7.10 C2 Interpret the differences between physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and neglect.
• K7.11 C1 Name and adhere to the laws and responsibilities associated with being a mandated reporter for suspected child abuse and neglect.
• K7.11 C2 Relate the challenges associated with being a mandated reporter for suspected child abuse and neglect.

Users who complete this module will be able to:
• Apply child abuse and neglect prevention efforts within families and among early care and education professionals
• Identify signs and symptoms of child abuse and neglect (maltreatment)
• Demonstrate knowledge of PA reporting requirements for mandated reporters
• Identify and outline the process of supporting those involved with an abused or neglected child
• Demonstrate the use of nationally recognized resources in the development of policies and procedures

Recent legislation changed the legal requirements for child care providers related to suspected child abuse and neglect. Facilities with clearances issued before 12/31/14 that are less than 36 months old need new clearances 36 months from the previous clearance date. New clearances are required by 12/31/15 if clearances are more than 36 months old. New applicants’ clearances must be no more than 3 months old. Also, the clearance requirements apply to family or group home staff and to anyone in the household who is 18 years of age or older. All staff members who have any contact with children and were hired before 12/31/14 must complete state-approved child abuse training by 7/1/2015. Those hired after 12/31/14 must complete training within 90 days of hiring.    Use the new website, Keep Kids Safe PA to access key resources about child abuse and neglect. If you are reading a print copy of this newsletter, note that the URL is This website has a link for mandated reporters to make reports of suspected child abuse electronically. Electronic reporting is preferable. Go to If you can’t report electronically, you can report by phone at 800-932-0313 and then you must follow-up by submitting the state’s CY 47 form.

The state’s Keep Kids Safe PA website lists state-approved sources of required training. It explains how to get child abuse clearance and offers two state forms: the CY-113, the child abuse history clearance and the CY-47, the written report of suspected child abuse. Child care providers are mandatory reporters. The penalties for failure to report suspected child abuse can be severe.

The new laws protect child abuse reporters. They encourage and support reporting suspected child abuse and neglect electronically to improve the efficient use and tracking of child abuse data. has a link to the Child Welfare Information Gateway. The Gateway is a jointly sponsored service of three federal government agencies. Explore the Gateway website’s many excellent publications in English and Spanish. Search for a topic in the Gateway’s well-stocked catalog of publications at You can download free fact sheets, references and research information about child abuse and neglect.

In March, ECELS submitted for state approval an updated, online, video-based, interactive Child Abuse and Neglect self-learning module and a workshop curriculum. The content matches the state’s current criteria for required training. ECELS will send an Email Alert as soon as the state review/approval process is complete. At that time, these ECELS training options should appear on the list of approved child abuse trainings. Be sure you have signed up at  to receive Email Alerts from ECELS.

ECELS Child Abuse and Neglect Workshop meets the Child Protective Services law requirements for mandated reporters.  In this workshop you will learn about prevention efforts, recognizing signs and symptoms of child maltreatment, reporting requirements and the process for reporting.  

Choking is a common cause of Emergency Room visits for young children. Nearly two thirds of choking episodes are associated with foods. Choking on food causes the death of approximately one child in the United States every 5 days. Hot dogs account for 17% of choking episodes related to food. Hard candy, peanuts, whole grapes, raw carrots, apples, popcorn, chunks of peanut butter marshmallows, chewing gum and sausages cause choking too. Of non-food causes of choking, latex balloons are leading trouble-makers. In addition to balloons, small, round or cylindrical toys can block small air tubes.

Choking is a common cause of death for young children. Choking on food is most common. The food that is most often the cause is hot dogs. The most most frequent non-food cause is latex balloons. This one page fact sheet identifies what to do to prevent choking for young children. Use it as a handout or poster. Updated 2/2019.

Choking is a leading cause of injury among children. It can be fatal, especially in children 4 years of age or younger. Food and objects worn around the neck are common causes of choking. Young children should not wear any necklace-like objects that encircle their necks. Watch out for pacifier ribbons, teething ring necklaces, jewelry and clothing with tie strings.

Learn reasons and rationale for arranging for the services of a Child Care Health Consultant (CCHC). Explain the role of the CCHC and identify resources for help in locating a CCHC. View video segments accessible online. If you are unable to view the segments online, you can request a DVD that includes them by contacting ECELS.

 In the United States, every day, about 10 people die from drowning. About one in five are children 14 years of age and younger. Five times more children survive near drowning. Children 1-4 years of age have the highest drowning rates. Drowning is second only to motor vehicle passenger and pedestrian accidents as the highest causes of unintentional injury-related death.