Many young children ride tricycles. Between January 2012 and January 2014, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission collected data that showed an estimated 9340 trike riders were injured seriously enough to come to a hospital’s Emergency Department. Fifty-two percent of these injured children were between 1 and 2 years of age.

The number of children with tricycle injuries peaked at 2 years of age. Somewhat fewer children who were 3 years of age were injured. For 4 year olds, the number dropped to slightly more than half the number for 3 year olds. Thereafter, the numbers of children with trike injuries declined sharply. Most of the injured children were treated and released from the Emergency Department. 

Lacerations (cuts) were the most frequent type of injury. The face was cut more often than other body parts. Internal organ damage was a common injury for 3 year olds and 5 year olds. The brain was the most commonly injured internal organ. Note in the photo the children need to wear helmets. For 7-year-old children, 70% of the injuries were bruises of the face and head. Elbows were the most commonly broken bone.

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission is a government organization. It is charged with protecting the public from unreasonable risks of serious injury or death from consumer products that pose a fire, electrical, chemical, or mechanical hazard or can injure children. This website has a wide range of reliable safety information. You can search for a topic or browse many interesting articles. On the home page, select “What’s Popular” to find excellent materials for early educators and families with children. For example “Childproofing Your Home” is a printable brochure that lists 12 safety devices to install to protect children. 12/2012

Many studies show the harmful effects of exposing children to violence in television shows, computer games, music and movies. Violence in media promotes aggressive behavior, nightmares and fear of being harmed. Most of it minimizes the consequences of violent actions. The review of evidence by experts at the American Academy of Pediatrics confirms that “…media violence is one of the causes of real-life violence and aggression.” Pediatrics 2009;124;1495

Water play offers wonderful developmental learning opportunities.  However, early educators must control the risks of drowning and spread of infection from contaminated water. It takes less than 30 seconds for a young child to begin to drown. More than 250 children less than 5 years of age drown each year. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that most children age 4 and older should learn to swim. Children between 1 and 4 years of age may benefit from formal swimming lessons. However, nobody should rely on a child’s swimming skills to become less vigilant about supervising a child in the water.  To learn more about how to reduce the risk of drowning, go to the websites of the Consumer Product Safety Commission at and the AAP at Search for “drowning” on both sites. Preventing bad germs from spreading through contact with water requires vigilance too. Early care and education providers must pay attention to controlling both of these risks. 

ECELS offers many live and recorded webinars available to use for PA Key and Act 48 credit. The recordings are on the ECELS website a week or so after the live webinar. “Managing Challenging Behaviors” was the first ECELS webinar for 2016. It was presented live on 1/14/2016.

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  • Exercise Makes You Feel Terrific 
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  • Noise and Management of Sound
  • Are Disinfectant/Sanitizer Wipes OK?
  • Promote 60 Minutes of Moderate to Strenuous Physical Activity Daily
  • Animals in Child Care
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  • Check Out New AAP Web Site for Reliable Pediatric Information
  • Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—A Quick Reference Guide
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  • Start Safe: A Fire and Burn Safety Program for Preschoolers and Their Families—Free Materials 
  • Acidic Foods, Drinks, Candy Linked with Dentall Enamel Erosion
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  • First Aid Corner: Nosebleeds
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  • Child Care Health Consulation - Dr. Philip Siu, an Excellent Role Model
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