Anaphylaxis is a sudden and dangerous body reaction that involves two or more organ systems. An allergy to some substance such as a certain food, insect bite, latex or medication causes the reaction. This may be something that has or has not caused any symptoms in the past. Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening medical emergency. Waiting to get to an emergency room can be fatal.
General information for parents and caregivers about asthma, the most frequently occurring chronic illness in children. Written in 2004. Reviewed and reaffirmed 11/2012. For more detailed information about this condition, see Managing Children with Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools, 2010, available from the bookstore of the American Academy of Pediatrics at www.aap.org.
Asthma is among the most common chronic health conditions of childhood. Untreated asthma can make it difficult to play, learn, and grow. Warning signs include coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing, and tightness in the chest. An asthma trigger is anything that causes an asthma episode. Common triggers include allergies, illness, exercise, chemicals, and smoke. Consistent care of children with asthma at home and in the child care setting is critical to their wellbeing.
Asthma is one of the most common chronic illnesses of childhood. Learn about asthma and how early care and education staff can take care of young children with asthma. This module includes easy-to-understand information about asthma and a link to an on-line video to view. PA early care and education staff may submit completed work for review for credit by completing an electronic response form via a link in the module, scanning the pages and attaching them to an e-mail, or sending them by fax or by surface mail to ECELS. Be sure to follow the instructions in the “Important Reminders” box next to the list of self-learning modules on this webpage. (K7.1 C1, K7.5 C1, K7.5 C2, K7.6 C1) Meets STARS Level 2 Performance Standard for Health and Safety) Updated 2/2017
Early care and education professionals should have an Asthma Action Plan for any child or staff member who has asthma. The Asthma Action Plan provides instruction from the health professional about what to do if the child has an asthma episode. The Asthma Action Plan explains the specific care the child or staff member may need. The form identifies known triggers, what medications to use, when and how to use them, and when to contact the health care provider or go to the hospital. Everyone who cares for a child with asthma or works with adults with asthma should follow the individual’s Asthma Action Plan. 4/2016
General information for parents and caregivers about the adverse effects of smoking on children with asthma. Second-hand smoke is produced by adults smoking in the air children breathe or smoking elsewhere and carrying smoke on their clothing and bodies. Second-hand smoke harms children. Read this fact sheet for details. Written 2004. Reviewed and reaffirmed 11/2011.
Kids Asthma Management Program (KAMP) of Crozer-Keystone Hospital System gives the following 8 tips to families of children with asthma:
Adapted with permission of Zalika Shani, MPH, MCHES, Program Manager, and Dr. Vatsala Ramprasad, Pulmonologist, Kids Asthma Management Program. Crozer-Chester Hospital, Delaware County, Pennsylvania
At www.noattacks.org, view clever songs and activities that teach children and adults how to prevent asthma episodes. This Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) website is available in English and Spanish. It has five sections:
This handout provides links to state and national organizations with rich content related to asthma on their websites or ability to offer in-person/online asthma education. In addition, there are links to many useful forms and handouts, some in both English and Spanish. Updated February 2015.
Click here for asthma information available from this U.S. Government website. You will find information sheets and forms to help child care providers care for children with asthma as well as information about other lung diseases. These include emergency protocols, guidance for handling physical activity for children with asthma, and a checklist of environmental factors that child care providers can remove to decrease illness among children with asthma . Many of the materials are in English and Spanish. 12/2012